int'l long form: State of Eritrea
int'l short form: EritreaISO Country Code
: er Time:
Local Time = UTC
Country Calling Code
Capital City: Asmara
(2,300 meters (7,500 ft.) above sea level; pop. 435 000)Other Cities:
(57 000); Assab (28 000); Massawa (25 000); Afabet (25 000); Tessenie (25 000); Mendefera (25 000); Dekemhare (20 000); Adekeieh
(15 000); Barentu (15 000); Ghinda (15 000). Government:
Eritrea officially celebrated its independence on May 24, 1993 (from Ethiopia)Geography:
Eastern Africa, in the Horn of Africa bordering the Red Sea in northeast.
Area: 125,000 sq. km. (48,000 sq. mi.)
Central highlands straddle escarpment associated with Rift Valley, dry coastal plains, and western lowlands. Climate:
Temperate in the mountains and hot in the lowlands, hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast;. People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Eritrean(s).
Population: about 4.3 million (about 1 million Eritreans in exile).
Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre 31.4%, Saho 5%, Afar 5%, Beja 2.5%, Bilen 2.1%, Kunama 2%, Nara 1.5%, and Rashaida
Religions: Christian 50% (mostly Orthodox), Muslim 48%, indigenous beliefs 2%Languages
: Tigrinya (Tigrigna), Arabic, English, Tigré (second major language) and other Cushitic languages.
NA Natural resources:
Gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish.
Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal;
livestock, goats; fish. Industries:
Food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles. Currency: