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About Eritrea

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Official Name: 
State of Eritrea
Hagere Ertra
short form: Ertra
int'l long form: State of Eritrea
int'l short form: Eritrea


ISO Country Code: er

Time:
Local Time = UTC +3h 

Country Calling Code: +291

Capital City: Asmara
(2,300 meters (7,500 ft.) above sea level; pop. 435 000)

Other Cities:
Keren (57 000); Assab (28 000); Massawa (25 000); Afabet (25 000); Tessenie (25 000); Mendefera (25 000); Dekemhare (20 000); Adekeieh (15 000); Barentu (15 000); Ghinda (15 000).

Government:
Transition government.
Independence: Eritrea officially celebrated its independence on May 24, 1993 (from Ethiopia)

Geography:
Location: Eastern Africa, in the Horn of Africa bordering the Red Sea in northeast.
Area: 125,000 sq. km. (48,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central highlands straddle escarpment associated with Rift Valley, dry coastal plains, and western lowlands.

Climate: Temperate in the mountains and hot in the lowlands, hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast;.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Eritrean(s).
Population: about 4.3 million (about 1 million Eritreans in exile).
Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre 31.4%, Saho 5%, Afar 5%, Beja 2.5%, Bilen 2.1%, Kunama 2%, Nara 1.5%, and Rashaida .5%.
Religions: Christian 50% (mostly Orthodox), Muslim 48%, indigenous beliefs 2%
Languages: Tigrinya (Tigrigna), Arabic, English, Tigré (second major language) and other Cushitic languages.
Literacy: NA

Natural resources: Gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish.

Agriculture products: Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish.

Industries: Food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles.


Currency: Nakfa (ERN)